CNC Router Machine

CNC router machine is a high-precision and efficient machine tool, it is widely used in a variety of industrial fields. Are you looking for CNC router machine for your work but have no idea of which is the best CNC router machine within your budget? Please check this 2023 latest buyers guide and you will find the satisfactory here.

What is CNC Router Machine

The CNC router machine, also known as CNC engraver machine, is a kind of high precision CNC machine tool. It combines CNC(computer numerical control)technology and engraving technique to carry out engraving, cutting, milling, drilling and slotting on various materials, and can be used for cutting, 2D & 3D engraving of various flat materials.
The moving of cnc engraving machine is controlled by the CNC system according to the program code and realizes the automation of engraving processing. Compared with the traditional manual engraving, CNC engraving has the advantages of high production efficiency, high processing accuracy, high finished product and high adaptability of the part. At the same time, with the help of dedicated engraving CAD/CAM software, the generation of processing control program is fast, and the modification is convenient.
Therefore, CNC engraving machine has now become an effective means of automatic, high efficiency & high precision engraving, and is also the mainstream of the development of CNC engraving machine, thus is widely used in mechanical industries, advertising media, daily consumption, and architectural decoration.

Working Principle of CNC Router Machine

The working principle is to design and typeset graphics through dedicated software which is equipped in computer, the designed and typeset information is then transferred to the controller of the engraving machine through computer.
The controller converts the information to the pulse signal which can be read by the stepper or servo motor to control the positioning of X, Y, Z axis on the engraving machine.
At the same time, the controller starts the driver to drive the spindle motor to rotate at high speed to carry out engraving, cutting, drilling, edging of various plane &3D graphics and characters on the material in accordance with the designs.

Types of CNC Router Machine

The CNC engraving machine can be divided into different types in terms of different classification standards as follows:

In Terms of Engraving Method:

CNC router machine can be divided into 2 types in terms of engraving method, namely, mechanical engraving machine and laser engraving machine.
Mechanical engraving machine takes metal tool as the carving method, when working, the tool engraves on the surface of material driven by spindle motor; The laser engraving machine takes laser as the carving force, it is a kind of non-contact engraving.

In Terms of Application Industry:

Advertising engraving machine is mainly used in advertising industries, such as acrylic cutting, PVC cutting, word logo engraving, etc, its price is relatively low, the requirements of working speed, mechanical strength and accuracy are relatively low;
woodworking CNC router machine is mainly used in the woodworking industry, such as furniture plate relief, density plate cutting, wood crafts, etc;
Stone engraving machine is mainly used in stone industries, such as sandstone relief, all kinds of slate lettering, decorative background wall pattern processing.
Crafts engraving machines are mainly used in processing of gift industry. Since handicrafts are not particularly unified, the specific machine is designed according to customer use.

In Terms of The Shape of Material:

The planar engraving machine is used to process the plate, rectangular, multi-plane and the like which can be fixed on the machine bed; the engraving products are mostly plate relief, background wall sheet, etc.
Stereo engraving machine is used to process cylindrical products including cylindrical, polygonal column, etc to engrave stereo products. Of course, the 3D engraving machine can also be classified according to the type of the product, mainly used in three-dimensional crafts engraving processing.

In Terms of The Type of Material:

CNC router machines designed according to the physical characteristics and main use of the material, such as sandstone engraving machine, marble sculpture engraving machine, granite engraving machine, tile engraving machine, density board engraving machine, mahogany engraving machine, furniture engraving machine, etc.

In Terms of The Number of Machine Axes:

CNC engraving machines can be divided into 3-axis engraving machine, 4-axis engraving machine and 5-axis engraving machine according to the specific number of motion axes. Their specific functions are different, the prices are also different.

CNC Router Machine Working Video

Advantages & Features of CNC Router Machine:

1).High-precision Engraving:

The engraving of CNC engraving machine is set & controlled by the computer, which can ensure that each process is accurate without error. CNC engraving machines can make perfect reproduction initial design patterns to ensure that every detail is reduced. Computer control can avoid all instability factors in manual operation to ensure the stability of mass production levels, and product qualification is more satisfactory.

2).Easy Operation:

The control system of CNC engraving machine issues an engraving command to the operating system terminal according to the imaging in the computer. At this time, the worker only needs to place the material into the machine, and the switch can be used to achieve fine engraving.
The engraving workshop does not need to be equipped with a wide variety of engraving tools, while operating workers can also reduce significantly. Engraving because of the simple characteristics of CNC engraving machines to achieve mass production, and after-sales CNC engraving machines are guaranteed the stability of this batch operation.

3).Various Engraving Patterns:

CNC engraving machines can do no differential operations for various complex extent, while retaining the exquisite properties of the engraving, speeding up the speed of engraving, broaden the types of engraving.

4).Small Investment & Quick Income:

The engraving is a very patient living, so the salary of the engraving master is also relatively high. If a factory is invited to the engraving master, then at least dozens of people, the salary is also a small number. Although the price of a engraving machine is relatively expensive, the production efficiency is high, and the cost can be recovered quickly.

CNC Router Projects

Application of CNC Router Machine

Applicable Material:

CNC engraving machine is suitable for a variety of hard non-metal materials and light metal materials, including cork, hardwood, mahogany, density board, solid wood board, synthetic board, multi-layer board, planing board, native wood, PVC, gypsum, two-color plate, aluminum plastic plate, hibiscus board, organic glass, acrylic, ABS plate, etc.
CNC engraving machines can carry out a variety of high-precision & high-efficiency processing such as engraving, hollowing, slotting, chamfering, horizontal milling, slotting, edging, etc.

Application Industry:

*Woodworking Industry:
Drilling, cutting & engraving of 3D wavy board, cabinet door, craft wooden door, paint-free door, screen, craft fan &window, furniture product, etc.
*Mold Industry:
Various embossing, shadow engraving, open-hole engraving, flat engraving, cutting and milling.
*Advertising Industry:
Advertising sign, PVC board, double-color plate, logo production, acrylic cutting, blister model, big character cutting, sign production, PVC cutting, crystal plate, acrylic, LED/neon slot, hole shape cutting, suction Plastic light box mold, etc.
*Stone Industry:
3D relief and linear carving, cutting, edging, drilling & two-dimensional engraving of Natural marble, granite, artificial stone, tombstone, milestone, tile, glass and other materials;
*Crafts Industry:
Engraving & polishing of various exquisite patterns and characters on wood, bamboo, artificial marble, organic plate, two-color plate, crystal and other materials.

Cost of CNC Router Machine

The cost of CNC router machine is closely related to its configuration. For example, cnc router machines can be divided into a variety of different types, such as small CNC router machine, standard CNC router machine, ATC CNC router machine, 4 axis cnc router machine, 5 axis cnc router machine, etc.
Though they have similar appearance & function, the actual configuration of those cnc router machine are quite different, also, the price, running accuracy, working speed and service life vary much. Important parts that matter include HSD spindle, stepper/servo motors, drivers, CNC system, software, guide rails, rack pinon, etc.
In addition, the machine bed has a very important impact on the price as different machine beds are available, including welded bed, cast bed, heavy-duty bed, light-duty bed. Generally, the heavier the machine is, the larger size the machine has, then the higher the price will be.
Besides, some other factors will have to be taken into consideration for overseas buyers, including tax, customs clearance, shipping fee, etc. In general, the market price of CNC router machine ranges from $ 3,000 to $ 100,000, depending on the actual type and the specific configuration of CNC router machines.

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